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Edmond Davis

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The Alexandria Project, a Tale of Treachery and Technology
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A fast-paced, satirical tale of cyber sleuthing, international espionage, and nuclear brinksmanship that accurately portrays our increasing vulnerability to cyberattack...  
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Afributions Contributions List. revised Edition.
by Edmond Davis   
Rated "PG13" by the Author.
Last edited: Tuesday, June 23, 2015
Posted: Wednesday, January 24, 2007

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Patriotism Before Citizenship
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This is a historical list of inventions, innovations and improved versions of originals inventions and their patents by people of color, mostly overwhelming of African descent (African-American).

Afributions List  


This list is not assembled in any chronological fashion; in fact this list of contributional firsts and improved items is exclusive according to what affects our lives and has the greatest apex impact on our modern American cultural society.   Some of thing listed below are Americanized improvements to the original ideas.


*All (#) are U.S. Patents


Benjamin Banneker- Clock, city prints of D.C, First Almanac

Garrett Morgan- World’s greatest lifesaver, Gas Mask, American traffic Signal, 1914

Jan Matzelinger- Automatic Shoe Making Machine, 1883

Henry Sampson- Cellular Phone, 1971

John Albert Burr- Improved rotary blade Lawn Mower, 1899

J.S. Smith- Lawn Sprinkler System, patent # 581,785 & 601,065, 1898

John Standard- Improved Refrigerator, patent #455,891, 1891

Thomas Elkins- Improved Refrigerator, patent #221,222

Joseph T. Winters- Fire escapes Ladder, patent #203,517, 1878

Augusta Jackson- improved Modern Ice cream, former White House Chef, 1832?

Dr. Manley West- Discovered compound in Cannibus for Glaucoma treatment, 1980-87

Dr. Philip Emeagwali- Internet pioneer, world’s fastest computer, weather pioneer

Norbert Rillieux- Sugar Refining System, Patent # 3,482,037, 4,879, 1846

Dr. Lloyd Hall- Chemical Compound to preserve meats

Maria V. Brittan Brown- Home Security System, patent #3,482,037 1969

Lewis H. Lattimer- Light bulb carbon filament, worked in Edison laboratory

Elijah McCoy- Auto. Lubrication Sys. For Railroads/heavy Machinery (real McCoy)

Dr. Charles Drew- Invented Blood Plasma, blood banks around the world, 1940

Edmond Berger- Spark plug

Frederick Jones- Auto. Refrigeration sys. On trucks, 60 patents, patent# 2,303,857, 1940

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams- First successful open heart surgery, 1st interracial Hospital

George Washington Carver- revolutionized the uses of the Peanut (300 plus)

Granville T. Woods- Multiplex Telegraph sys, Railway brakes, Steam boiler, Radiator,

                                  Third rail (subway), Trolley Cars, Airbrake system.

Dr. William Hinton- first detected STD’s (Syphilis) in medical tests, Hinton-Davies test

Lonnie G. Johnson- Creator of the Super soaker water gun, patent # 5,150,819

Otis Boykin- Created an improved unit for Pace Maker, variable resistor in Missile

Dr. Mark Dean- IBM co inventor of ISA Systems Bus, 20 patents, 1984

Dr. James West- electro acoustics developer, co-invented elect ret Microphone,

Dr. Percy Lavon Julian- Developed a synthesis for Cortisone (rheumatoid Arthritis)

Dr. Patricia Guth, Created cutting edge in Cataract treatment, Laserphaco Probe, 1988

George T. Sampson- improved ventilation styled Clothes dryer, patent # 476,416

Various Artists- Hip Hop culture developed in early 1970s & Rapping between 1920s-present.


For every Person on this list be mindful that many others who did not or could not get Patents because of there racial & social status in America. This sometimes resulted in stolen ideas. This list was compiled By Edmond Davis, PTC Historian.                                                                                                                                                                                      



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Reviewed by Malcolm Watts (Reader) 1/24/2007
FYI: The text of your post is missing. Malcolm Watts
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