Prologue: The Superfluid Universe?
This is continuation of a blog on this site wherein the question of how galaxies work was raised but not dealt with in detail.
See my blog on this. The proposition is that the structure of galaxies has analogs in terms of magneto-spheres which see we around stars and planets.
Simply put magnetic lines of force affect the polarity of atoms to planets and, therefore, the formation and speed of light itself.
The driver is four huge magnetic fields which dominate our Milky Way and is the mechanism which drives our galaxy and likely others as well. Well, let's have a look at this idea.
But first; these four gigantic fields really exist. See below
What is the function of these gigantic structures which cover half the galaxy or 50,000 light years? The Milky Way galaxy is only 100,000 light years across with these two magnetic bubbles cover half of it perpendicular to the plane of the Milky Way galaxy. Amazing.
What is the function of these structures? Astronomers are mum on this because it implies that Hannes Alfven was correct. See my blogs on the Plasma theory of the Universe on this site for details.
Meantime here is a link information about him.
But, the meaning here is that the galaxy and the universe is a gigantic dynamo which means that particles of various stripes are in orbits throughout the entire galaxy at, perhaps, speeds at or above that of light.
The articles below show how matter orbits in and out and back into a given galaxy occurs, but Hannes Alfven is never mentioned. The article also seems claim that gravity is responsible for these orbits. I would disagree.
But there is more. Two other huge magnetic fields also exist.
The latest data confirm what Hannes Alfven claimed: Our galaxy is dominated by two huge magnetic fields each rotating in opposite directions right through the center of the Millky Way.
This is in addition to the two huge magnetic bubbles which are perpendicular to the plane of the Milky Way-so there are four huge fields involved here.
Below is an actual map of the two horizontal fields, the first ever.
"All galaxies are permeated by magnetic fields, including our own Milky Way galaxy. Despite intensive research, the origin of galactic magnetic fields is still unknown. One assumes, however, that they are built up by dynamo processes in which mechanical energy is converted into magnetic energy. Similar processes occur in the interior of Earth, the sun, and -- in the broadest sense -- in the gadgets that power bicycle lights through peddling. By revealing the magnetic field structure throughout the Milky Way, the new map provides important insights into the machinery of galactic dynamos."
For specifics on charge, mass, galaxies and gravity within a math context see:
The fact that galaxies work on the principle of a dynamo has implications.
Here are a few we shall explore in the coming days. They include:
1. If the dynamo model is correct, it has implications for what black holes are and how they operate in galaxies.
2. Implications for supernovas and their interplay in the processs.
3. Implications for the nature of the big bang and WMAP
4. It has implications for how our sun and our planet interfaces with this dynamo galaxy.
5. It has implications for E=MC2.
6. For star formation and destruction.
7. For the periodic table
8. For cosmic rays
9. For solar flares.
10. For comets
11. For the formation of our solar system.
12. Implications for Tesla's work
13. Implications for Earth's lightening
14. And how does Dark Energy and Dark Matter fit into this model.
So let's talk about all of this starting tommorow.
If you want to read more read blogs on this site beginning with "Einstein."
If you want a teaser on all of this read up on Helium3. See
Helium3 is related to our first exploration: that is what is the dynamo version of the big bang story?
My version of the big bang has the following points made in other blogs on this site:
1.The big bang was a clashing/merger of two universe membranes, a merging process which is on-going. Our membrane universe is relatively flat, like our Milky Way and that other flat membrane universe is now continuing to merge with our own, and has a different physics than our own.
This might be relevant to the nature of dark energy and dark matter. (See blogs for more detail)
2. In the early big bang period an intense, superhot energic soup was created at superhot temperatures and hydrogen and helium were and are now the two major ions in this soup.
I extend this scenario arguing that helium3 at high temperatures can come a superfluid and a superconductor creating very early supermagetized superheated gases and magnetic fields which appeared early with hydrogen and helium ions starting to be propelled in orbits around and through these magnetic clouds-a process which continues to this very day. Matter formed, and galaxies later on, but this interplay between energy and matter mediated by magnetic fields is the basic pattern which still dominates today. Galaxies essentially are physical manifestations of E=MC2 with magnetic fields and a super massive back hole at the center of each galaxy.
In a summary anticipating tomorrow's discussion: Galaxies, suns, and to some extent planets, recycle energy and energetic particles, driven by magnetic fields around the latter and the galaxies themselves creating electricity, superfluid conditions and superconducting conditons-and here is the kicker; matter
Helium3 has been shown to be superconductive and a superfluid in the lab and also H3 has been shown to become a superconductive metal in neutron stars. Helium also has been implicated in certain supernova events.
See link on Heliosphere.
Actual objects at the solar system-interglactic space boundary
History of Cosmic Rays
Neutron Stars and Helium- The Standard Explanation
NASA on neutron stars
On the Discovery of Helium Superfluidity
Boring but informative: Osterhoff
PBS Show on Absolute Zero and Papers on Helium3
Helium and Neutrinos from the sun-how does the sun really work? What would the dynamo model say?
But first solar flares
NASA on the missing sunspots
The Case of the Missing Neutrinos from the Sun
Take a look at these videos and well come back with how they relate to the dynamo model.
See below links to Helium as superconductor at low and high temperatures and in stars.
Electricity transmission and Helium 3
Space as a superfluid
What if space were a superfluid?
Helium the second most abundant element in the universe as a superflluid and superconductor in neutron stars
High temperature helium neutron stars
The sun, sunspots and magnetism
Gamma Ray Photons as the highest electro-magnetic energy in the universe
Einstein full audio book=paper on the Theory of Relativity read to you! (Three hours) http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=DcZSxfFJ2mg
Standard Model explaination of empty space and the Higgs Field
History and types of magnetic fields and their uses. Spintronics
Ok these are a lot of links and a lot of material to absorb.
Today I will start the process of first summarizing the above and go for the detail after.
What the above citations indicate are the following:
1.The interface between our solar systems and the intergalactic space has been poorly understood but the useful data indicate that that interface can accelerate proton or cosmic rays by virture of a "folding" process or what Alfven called a wave function. The sun also does this sometimes sending solar flares toward the earth. The process involves magnetic fields extent folding and gaining torque like a slingshot and shooting these particles out at incredible speeds.
That is not good news for us.
2. That superfluidity and superconductivity in helium and helium three occurs at low and relatively high kelvins and can and has been produced in the lab. Moreover, high temperature superconductvity and superconfluidity has been discovered in neutron stars which are made entirely of helium.
3. That the universe may just have superfluid and superconductive qualities operating with helium the second most abundant element in the universe, working with magnetic fields which can accelerate this process, if not control it. It all may be related to dark energy and dark matter as well. If we assume space and the quantum-Higgs field as also part of this process, we may have to look at galaxies as system in relative equilibrium, like our sun, until supernovas tip that balance and torque in magnetic fields create not only black holes but turbulance and shock waves through out galaxies and between galaxies.
There is more, for example, how all of this interrelates with Einstein's Relativity Theory and other apsects of the Standard Model, but that later.
If the claim is that magnetism dominates the galaxies how does this relate to the early universe?
Super Magnetism evidence from the very beginng after the big bang.
How the universe got its magnetism
More on the origins of magnetism in the early universe
Last: item: on the notion of a superfluid universe
The Earth as a Dynamo
...the core is the main driver of large-scale thermal movements, which together with the Earth's rotation, act like a dynamo generating the Earth's magnetic field."
But the really interesting question here is whether the Earth's iron core is superconducting.
That would put magnetism front and center creating superconductivity in iron at certain temperatures and pessures.
See article which seem to hint at this at:
Now we know that supernovas really only explode when they reach a certain stage in the production of iron.
Magnetism erupts and often a superconducting neutron star is the result.
Lets discuss how this iron magnetism connection works in our dynamo model on the morrow.
Hint: the universe in an unstable magnetized malestrom and we want to know what can make things explode out there.
Videos arguing for the Electric Plasma Universe:
Galaxies moving faster than the speed of light?
So where are we in all of this?
Let's start by seeing if the major challenges to the Standard Model hold up under scrutiny.
1. Nothing can travel faster than the speed of light? Even Einstein stated that this dictum only applied to the Theory of Special Relativity, not to his General Theory of Relativity.
Moreover, inflation theory clearly states that the early universe expanded faster than the speed of light.
I have given other exceptions to all of this above as well from quantum theory and string theory as well.
So there is trouble here.
Finally, in examing the speed of light idea, we see that Einstein argued a reason for the constant speed of light, which is far more important than the idea that nothing can exceed its speed, and, that explanation is remarkable.
Here is his answer to the question of why the speed of light is constant: He argues that the reason for constancy is that the speed of light is automatically adjusted for by the space-time continum, instantly.
Wow, I hear you say, and rightly so.
Thus space-time automatically adjusts the speed of light for objects moving even at different or even cumulative speeds. Why should this be so?
Also we want to know why should space-time behave in this way? The answer is that space time stretches its self among observers moving at different velocities and in different postions.
Could we make this more complicated? Simpler explanations seem in order here, math or no math.
2. Now lets take a look at the famous double slit experiment where electrons seem to behave as a wave or a particle often depending up whether there is an observer present.
What is going here? In seeking answers the quantum folks have given us:
multiple universes, entanglement, the uncertainity principle, observer based reality, a host of other propositions.
What are other possible explanations within the dynamo model and do they compliment or contradict?
Here are a few possiblities:
1. Magnetic fields exist sub-atomically, and can operate along both lines of force, current flows and, therefore, can make electrons, themselves, already wave-like in nature, at times, act like a particle and other times like a flow. For example, if electron "a" encounters a magnetic field it may align to the field and act and look just like a particle.
If electon "a" interacts with a sub-atomic lattice field then can alter its character and will and can act like a wave in the presence of that magnetic field.
This has been demonstrated experimentally. Now questions remain as the exact mechanism this moving back and forth between these two states actually work.
But, I suggest that, as Telsa claimed, and as plasma physics argues, and as simple lightning makes clear, plasma eruptions can be seen as only probabilistic in terms of predicting their exact vector behavior. And moreover, as Tesla claimed there is a charged plasma, ambient in nature, present everywhere-ambient. (Even quantum folks argree with this.)
Why should this all-prevasive electric field be so?
Well the Electric Universe people argue that our planet and the universe itself exists inside plasma and ion flows which are impacted by the entire universe itself, thus the slit experiment and the observer himself and or herself have to be part of the magnetic field equasions and their vectors. Moreover, the polarity and spin of electrons are affected by these electric amibent fields.
Thus, in their view, electrons and ions have complex relations with magnetic fields, ion flows, and the resulting electron flows which, in turn, affect local magnetic fields and can create additional magnetic fields which can create other fields and flows instantly.
Add to this, lattice structures, and you can have particle and electric wave manifestations involved, often shifting back and forth very quickly.
I know this is vague. But let's see in coming days if it can be more clarifed and be adequately defended and produce experimental evidence to support the claims.
Well lets hint at some answers:
We now know that the most abundant particle in the universe-the neutrino- is not massles, as was previously thought, and moreover can morph into at least three forms.
Secondly, we have at least one observer making the case that light has mass and a charge and when used in the double slit experiment, can affect its outcomes? Humm,
Add these two into the magnetic field concept and what do we have?
Now let's see if we can make some forward progress amid all this.
Here are a few ideas, backed up by experimental evidence, (which I will provide later.)
Image that space and the sub-atomic world is, in fact, undergrid by a lattice framework, essentially celluar in structure and exists under equilibrium seeking conditions. It is linked in a cellular plasma filamentary structure which erupts electrons and other ions at both macro and the micro level influenced by magnetic fields.
We get the three states of plasma, invisible, glow and erupting(arc).
With a double helix structure plasma regions affect one another and disruptions and electricity-like eruptions occur in the lattice work and between cells.
This view has the following advantages:
1. It integrates the Einstein space-time fabric idea and adds to it a more dynamic character, that is interaction between space-time and matter, that is the factor of electric flows. It hints at why space-time affects masses-these masses, ie. planets, electrons, etc have not only mass but charge as well.
2. It integrates and explains the quantum leaping by electrons between orbits and between atoms, and between the nucleus and surrounding electrons.
3. It hints at the possibility that gravity is the interplay among masses and electro-magnetic fields.
4. The neutrino in all this can change form in transit and we will need to assign or discern its role in all this.
5. Can photons do the same? And do they have mass and charge as well?
6. Finally, a rigid grid undergriding all reality is remincent of Newton's stage.
So if we add Mathis's ideas into all this we might get to a level of detail and process which might be interesting.
Let's try to bring all of this into closer focus on the morrow. I will provide the experimental data and references I have then.
Meantime NASA is becoming interested in Electric ideas. See video below.
The Earth's Core, Gravity, the Magnetic Field, and superconducing iron
Ok it is time to try to bring all of the various threads together and see what we have which might make sense to a layperson.
In thinking about this I thought the best way might be to see how each group has or might explain the double-slit experiments.
But first lets us put out the citations I spoke of above and some links to videos where these folks can speak for themselves.
1 The quantum folks and their view I have spoken of before and I wlll not repeat their arguments. These interested in the detail can read several of the blogs on this site. But here are a few items:
Flavors of Entanglement
Superconductivity and Magnetism
New state of quantum matter?
2. Einstein's views I have aleady detailed as well on this site. See any blog beginning with "Einstein."
3. The Electric Universe people have numerous video links in which they speak for themselves. Also included are lab experiments and observational data which seem to support some of their views.
On galaxy and star formation: the Electric Universe View:
The Electric View of the Sun:
NASA's sponsoring a talk on electric universe ideas:(2 hour video)
The Electric View of comets and other bodies
A hybrid view: Magnetricity? What is that?
You have on this site many of the major theories of physics. I would recommend one called "A Summary of Theories of Physics" on this site.
But here are two other views which have not gotten much review in main stream physics circles-Mathis and Gaede.
Mathis has the most detailed rebuttals to modern physics and is, at times, brilliant in his analysis. Be sure to read as many of the papers as you can. It is worth the effort.
The last gentleman worth looking at is B. Gaede (six videos) He has some telling critques of modern physics delivered concisely and offers his own theory of the universe. The question is does his explanations settle the issues?
His critique of Electric Universe theory:
The Gaede "Rope Theory" of the Universe
Gaede's Critique of the Theory of Light and the Slit Experiment:
Other explanations of the double slit experiment:
His critique of the theory of gravity from Einstein and Newton
The Rope Theory of the Structure of the Atom
So you see there is much to ponder here. But who is correct in all this? And did I mention Tesla--the only one of the above that actually built anything. I have cited him on several blogs.
See "Was Einstein Wrong-Maybe" on this site for citations of Tesla and in other blogs as well.
A Critique of Rope Theory
Is the Earth a exhausted star?
So we see there is no shortage of ideas about how the universe works.
At this point, however, there does seem to be some underlying agreement among all these folks even as they profess to disagree, they agree on many of the critical points. Here they are:
1. All agree that space is not nothing and has fields of various kinds including:
a. A Higgs field, magnetic fields, ions, electrons and is mostly hydrogen and helium ions and atoms inside an energetic soup and magnetic fields.
b. There is agreement that some kind of underlying grid exists in space, with particles, if not massless particles with charge, interacting, and where particles can and do erupt into and out of existence, bumping against one another. These collusions, reading carefully, give us light, mass and energy.
c. That electo-magnetism dominates the galaxies and gravity is the junior partner in all of this.
d. That the universe we live in is a volitile and dangerous place and threats from solar flares, cosmic rays, and Cronal Mass Ejections if they hit the earth square on could destroy life as we know it.
e. That E-Mc2 is real and that galaxies probably are the engines which drive the process. Mathis is best in explaining this and has incredibly detailed explanations of how the periodic table of elements is built and was created. He is also best on explaining the gigantic magnetic bubbles which straddle the Milky Way, although he is silent on the horizonal magnetic field which goes through the center of the Milky Way.
f. All except for Mathis agree that entaglement exists and that possibly every particle in the universe is in touch with every other particle in the universe, even Gaede agrees with this idea, except that he describes the connection as physical ones he calls electro-magnetic ropes as entwined with one another.
To be sure there are widesread disagreements as well:
a. No agreement among them on the big bang, dark energy, dark matter,
b. Star and Sun processes.
But the larger points are:
They all seem to agree that our universe is filled with dangerous objects. I extrapolate that the Earth's magnetic field can be altered or affected by CERN experiments. After all they have built the worlds largest magnets on a planet wtih an iron core whch creates its own magneticfield, a field we know has and will again reverse its polarity, wilth devasting results for us.
c. We know, that electric discharges happen between bodies, perhaps planets and comets, and our sun as well. Some hold that such discharges, if focused, create stars and danger for us.
d. We have reason to believe that the Hubble Red Shift is erroneous and therefore, there is no expanding universe. The red shift merely indicates the birth of a new star. Moreover, it also means that objects in space are much closer than currently thought, because the red shift idea has given us the wrong idea about distances in space and movements of objects.
So given this general description and various levels of agreement and disagreement, we need to step back see what we have in all this and ask what are the practical implications of all of this-here I am thinking about Tesla who was aware of much of this and actually built machines to demonstrate practical uses of this knowledge.
So next time lets revisit Tesla and his machines and try to understand if they really were dangerous or hold the promise of universal free energy. After all, Tesla gave us the 20th century and invented thousands of real machines and it looks like he was right and Einstein was wrong.
Let's have a closer look next time.
Making a Tesla Coil
What about the energy issues?
History of current uses of Tesla Coils
5/15/13 More on the Tesla Coil
Video of giant Tesla Coil
An explaination of ambient energy
Now it is clear in my mind that galaxies and the universe itself are enormously energetic combining magnetism of various stripes, electric flows, and gravitiy as well.
But what does it all mean?
Here are some of my conclusions and recommendations:
1. We live in a shooting galley of a universe and one which is dynamic in nature and in constant motion where changes can happen very quickly and do. Moreover the unverse contains enormous dangers for us. But what to do? More on that later.
2. We don''t really understand most of the universe and have to resort to phrases like dark matter and energy to explain the 94% of the universe we don't understand at all.
3. The study of the universe has been captured by "Institutional scientists" whose main concern seems not to be knowledge but preserving grants and jobs.
4. CERN is an real danger to this planet
5. We need a plan to protect the planet.
But what would such a plan contain.
More on tomorrow
Magnetic and polar shifts affect us most closely. What is the problem and what is the solution?