As far as the age of humankind is concerned there seems to be evidence, although very, very controversial, that humans are at least as old as coal (that is according to people like to Ed Conrad (see <http://www.edconrad.com/>).
Human and dinosaur footprints found in Texas (at the Paluxy River, a tributary of the Brazos River, Glen Rose), for example, indicates that humans have co-existed with dinosaurs!
However, is this accepted by science? No, and it is very interesting to read about Ed Conrad’s experiences and troubles with ‘mainstream’ scientists.
Nevertheless, consider the El Toro clay figurines of Mexico.
In 1945, German archaeologist, Waldemar Julsrud discovered clay figurines buried at the foot of the El Toro Mountain on the outskirts of Acambaro, Guanajuato, Mexico. Eventually over 32 thousand figurines and artefacts were found. They were similar to artefacts identified with the Pre-classical Chupicuaro Culture (800 BC to 200 AD) found throughout this area.
The authenticity of the find was rejected because the collection included dinosaurs, since many archaeologists believe dinosaurs have been extinct for the past 65 million years and man’s knowledge of them has been limited to the past 200 years. If this is true , man could not possibly have seen and modelled them 2500 years ago. In 1954, the Mexican government sent four well-known archaeologists to investigate.
A different but nearby site was selected and meticulous excavation was begun. They found numerous examples of similar figurines and concluded that the find was authentic. However, three weeks later their report declared the collection to be a fraud because of the ‘fantastic representation of man and dinosaur together’.
In 1955, Charles Hapgood, Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Hampshire, concluded an elaborate investigation including extensive radiometric dating. Interestingly, his work was supported by Earl Stanley Gardner, former District Attorney of the city of Los Angeles, California and the creator of the television series ‘Perry Mason’.
Hapgood responded to charges that Julsrud manufactured the figurines, by excavation under the house of the Chief of Police, which was built 25 years before the Julsrud arrived. Forty-three more examples of the same type were found, including dinosaurs. Three radiocarbon tests were performed by Isotopes Incorporated of New Jersey resulting in dates of 1640 BC, 4530 BC, and 1110 BC.
Eighteen samples were subjected to thermo-luminescent testing by the University of Pennsylvania, all of which gave dates of approximately 2500 BC. These results were subsequently withdrawn when it was learned that some of the samples were from dinosaurs.
In 1990, an investigation was conducted by Neal Steedy, an archeologist whose livelihood depends on contract work from the Mexican government. He arbitrarily selected an excavation site considerably removed form the Julsrud site. Shards were found but no figurines. He commissioned radiocarbon tests for a few samples from the Julsrud collection that produced a range of dates; 4000 years for a human face and 1500 years for a dinosaur. However, he concluded that the laboratory had not given true dates because he felt the samples were too soft to last more than 20 years. (See <http://www.creationists.org/livedinos01.html>)
I find the following quote from the Official Graham Hancock Site (<www.grahamhancock.com>) particularly interesting: ‘At grahamhancock.com, writes Graham Hancock (1951- ) British writer and journalist, we are used to being at the receiving end of vile and intemperate attacks by archaeologists accusing us of being ‘pseudo-archaeologists’, pseudo-scientists, etc., and of advocating ‘fringe’, ‘cult’ or ‘fantastic’ ideas about history and prehistory.
It is refreshing to discover, however, that not all archaeologists share this knee-jerk hostility towards alternative ideas about the past. Assistant Professor Cornelius Holtorf (1968- ) of the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Lund, criticises some influential figures within mainstream archaeology for attempting to form ‘a special state police force dedicated to eradicating interpretations that are considered false or inappropriate by a self-selected jury’.
Holtorf goes on to argue that ‘modern society might benefit more from inquiring minds than from passive students to whom factual knowledge is taught, however much that knowledge consists of ‘pure truth’.’
Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1922-1996) was an American historian of science noted for his Structure of Scientific Revolutions published in 1962, and claimed as one of the most influential and controversial works of history and philosophy written in the 20th century.
Kuhn argued that scientific research and thought are defined by ‘paradigms’, or conceptual worldviews, that consist of formal theories, classic experiments, and trusted methods. According to Kuhn, scientists typically accept a prevailing paradigm and try to extend its scope by refining theories, explaining puzzling data, and then establishing more, precise measures of standards and phenomena within existing paradigms.
Makes you think! Not?