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Anita L Wills

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Black Minqua The Life and Times of Henry Green
By Anita L Wills
Thursday, July 12, 2012

Rated "PG" by the Author.

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The Black Minqua were remnants of Negro/Indians living in a region known as the Welsh Mountains. They were the rulers of the Mountains and contributed to the history in Southeastern Pennsylvania.

     Black Minqua: The Life and Times of Henry Green, is now available for purchase.  The book sheds light on the Green Family who were settlers in the Welsh Mountain Region of Southeastern Pennsylvania. Minqua was a name given to Natives living in the region by Europeans, on first contact.  The Welsh Mountains sit in what was formerly the Pequea Valley in the Great Valley of Pennsylvania and Delaware. 
     The first recorded Green is Thomas Green, who is living in Chester County (Pequea Valley). When Lancaster County was formed his land was part of that ceded to the new county.  Pequea Valley is what is now called the Welsh Mountains, in Lancaster County.  In 1737, Thomas Green left a Will naming his wife Ann as Administrator. He named his heirs in the Will and one of them was Thomas Green,  who is a direct ancestor.           Thomas son, Tom Green, was the first person written about on the Mountain, in the Philadelphia Gazette (1792).
     The reporter went on the Mountain and saw a Big Burly Negro, Tom Green, the Leader of Green's Banditti. Numerous article ran about the Greens', in the New York Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, Reading Eagle, and numerous of other papers.  None of the news was good, and I wanted to dispel some of those myths.
    That is what my research and book have accomplished. The Greens' were the owners of land and not, as reported, squatters in the Welsh Mountains. There are original Warrants and Patents on file proving their ownership to land in Chester and Lancaster County.  Joseph and Thomas Green (probably father and son), have patents signed by the sons of William Penn, John, Thomas, and Richard. Benjamin Green, the son of Tom Green Junior, received land from his participation in the War of 1812.
     The book has quite a bit of information including the story of the Christiana Resistance told by William Parker. It is not widely known that the men (including Henry Green), were held in Pig Pens in Lancaster for over a year before their trial. After being acquitted, Henry Green and several others were rearrested and stood trial again.  
     The second trial also ended in acquittal, but was politically motivated. Why would Henry Green and his ancestors care about the Civil War, if they were just lawless neer do wells? Why would they care about Edward Gorsuch looking for his slaves? In fact Henry Green was a member of a Slave Resistance Group led by William Parker.
     They were inspired by Frederick Douglass and Henry Lloyd Garrison My contention is that they were the victims of those who wanted their land and did not want the remnants of the Indians and free blacks living in their midst.  Black Minqua is not a family history book, it is a history book. Many of those living on the Mountains left and were quite successful. One of Henry Green's daughters, Mary Green married Jacob Brown and moved to Coatesville. Many of the Browns' living in Coatesville are descendants of this union.
      Henry's brother, Samuel Green was a successful business man, and his son, George Green was a wealthy Charcoal Burner in Berks County. Another descendant of the Welsh Mountain is Julia Green Collins, who is said to be the first African American Woman Author. A plaque was recently dedicated to her in Williamsport Pennsylvania. The title of her book was, The Curse of Cast; or the Slave Bride.

This is a book well worth reading for the personal stories and it's historical content. 


       Web Site: Minqua People of the Welsh Mountains

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